26 Fun Facts About Pigeons You Should Know

five pigeons perching on railing and one pigeon in flight

26 Fun Facts About Pigeons You Should Know

  1. Pigeons can recognize all 26 letters of the English alphabet.
  2. They are one of the oldest domesticated bird species, dating back millennia.
  3. Pigeons were vital in developing the modern postal system.
  4. They have exceptional visual memory, outperforming humans in certain tasks.
  5. Pigeons can fly up to 700 miles in a single day.
  6. They played a crucial role in wartime communication.
  7. Pigeons can detect earthquakes and volcanic eruptions before humans.
  8. They were once considered sacred in ancient Egypt.
  1. Pigeons can be trained to distinguish between paintings by different artists.
  2. Baby pigeons are called ‘squabs.’
  3. Pigeons are sometimes used in competitive sports like pigeon racing.
  4. They have been known to travel up to 600 miles to find their way home.
  5. Pigeons can bob their heads to stabilize their visual world.
  6. A group of pigeons is called a ‘kit.’
  7. Some pigeons have feathers on their feet resembling boots.

1. Pigeons can fly at altitudes of 6000 feet.

Pigeons are capable of reaching significant heights, often flying at altitudes up to 6000 feet.

This ability showcases their strong and adaptable flying skills.

2. Pigeons have been used as messengers in history.

Throughout history, pigeons have been used to carry messages across long distances.

Their homing ability made them reliable messengers during wars and other crucial events.

3. They have a remarkable sense of direction.

Pigeons possess an extraordinary homing ability, allowing them to find their way home over long distances.

This unique skill is still not completely understood by scientists.

4. They can fly at speeds of up to 77 mph.

Pigeons can fly : Fun Facts About Pigeons
Soaring at 77 mph 🕊️💨

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Pigeons are known for their remarkable speed, reaching up to 77 miles per hour.

This makes them one of the fastest birds in the animal kingdom.

5. Pigeons can recognize human faces.

Studies have shown that pigeons can distinguish between different human faces.

This ability demonstrates their high level of intelligence and memory.

6. They mate for life and are good parents.

Pigeons are monogamous, often forming lifelong pairs.

Both parents take turns caring for their young, showcasing strong parental instincts.

7. Pigeons were once considered a delicacy.

In historical times, pigeons were highly valued as a source of food.

They were considered a delicacy in various cultures around the world.

8. They played a significant role in World War I and II.

War heroes in feathers 🕊️🏛️

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Pigeons were used extensively during both World Wars to carry important messages.

Many pigeons received medals and honors for their service in these wars.

9. Pigeons have been domesticated for over 5000 years.

Humans have domesticated pigeons for thousands of years, using them for various purposes.

This long history with humans has made pigeons one of the first domesticated bird species.

10. They played a role in the discovery of the magnetic compass.

Pigeons’ homing ability contributed to the understanding and development of the magnetic compass.

Scientists studied their navigation skills to better comprehend magnetic fields.

11. Pigeons produce a unique milk-like substance.

Both male and female pigeons produce a nutrient-rich milk-like substance to feed their chicks.

This pigeon milk is essential for the growth and development of their young.

12. They have been part of many religious and mythological stories.

“Winged tales in myths 🕊️📖

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Pigeons appear in numerous religious texts and mythologies, often symbolizing peace and purity.

These birds have held significant spiritual and symbolic meaning in various cultures.

13. Pigeons are found all over the world.

They are one of the most widely distributed bird species, found on every continent except Antarctica.

Their adaptability allows them to thrive in diverse environments.

14. Pigeons have been used in racing.

Pigeon racing is a popular sport where trained pigeons are released and race back to their homes.

This sport tests their speed and homing ability, and can cover distances of over 1000 miles.

15. They can see ultraviolet light, which is one of the intriguing Fun Facts About Pigeons.

Pigeons have the ability to see ultraviolet light, a spectrum invisible to humans.

This visual ability helps them in navigation and finding food.

16. The largest pigeon species is the Victoria crowned pigeon.

Victoria crowned pigeon
Regal beauty: Victoria Crowned Pigeon 🕊️👑

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The Victoria crowned pigeon, native to New Guinea, is the largest pigeon species in the world.

It is known for its striking appearance and distinctive crown of feathers.

17. Pigeons have a diverse diet.

They are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of foods including seeds, fruits, and occasionally insects.

This varied diet allows them to adapt to different environments, including urban settings.

18. They have a long lifespan.

In the wild, pigeons can live up to 6 years, while domesticated pigeons can live over 15 years.

This longevity is relatively high compared to other small bird species.

19. Pigeons have been symbols of love and peace.

Throughout history, pigeons have symbolized love, peace, and harmony in various cultures.

This symbolism is often seen in art, literature, and religious texts.

20. Pigeons can recognize themselves in mirrors.

They are among the few animal species that have passed the mirror test, indicating self-awareness.

This ability is a sign of advanced cognitive functions in animals.

21. They can breed several times a year.

Pigeons can breed multiple times throughout the year, often raising several broods.

This frequent breeding contributes to their ability to quickly populate urban areas.

22. Their feathers can be highly colorful and iridescent.

Pigeons can have a wide range of feather colors, often with iridescent plumage around the neck.

This colorful appearance varies widely among different pigeon species.

23. Pigeons were once used for air mail service.

Before modern communication methods, pigeons were used to deliver air mail, particularly in remote areas.

This method was a reliable way of sending messages over long distances.

24. Pigeons have inspired numerous artworks.

 Pigeons painting
Urban acrobats in flight 🕊️🏙️

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Artists throughout history have been inspired by pigeons, featuring them in paintings, sculptures, and literature.

Their presence in art highlights their cultural and aesthetic significance.

25. What are the different types of pigeons?.

Pigeons come in various types and breeds, including homing pigeons, fantail pigeons, and racing pigeons. Each type has distinctive characteristics.

26. They play a role in ecological balance.

Pigeons contribute to the ecosystem by dispersing seeds and serving as prey for other wildlife.

They play a crucial part in maintaining ecological balance in their habitats.


Yes, pigeons produce a substance known as “pigeon milk” to feed their young. It is not actual milk but a regurgitated secretion from the crop, providing essential nutrients for the chicks’ growth.

Pigeon types include a diverse range of breeds with unique features. Some examples are utility pigeons, show pigeons, and ornamental or fancy pigeons.

Pigeon breeds vary widely, including the Racing Homer, English Trumpeter, and Indian Fantail. Each breed has distinct characteristics, such as size, color, and feather patterns.

ancy pigeons are breeds that are selectively bred for ornamental purposes rather than practical use. They are often showcased in pigeon shows for their unique and aesthetically pleasing features.

Pigeon milk is a secretion produced in the crops of parent pigeons to feed their chicks. It doesn’t resemble mammalian milk; instead, it is a regurgitated, nutritious fluid.

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