25 Fun Facts About Colombia | Heart of South America

brown concrete houses under white sky at daytime

25 Fun Facts About Colombia | Heart of South America

  1. Home to the legendary Amazon Rainforest.
  2. Celebrates the world’s second-largest Carnival in Barranquilla.
  3. Birthplace of the rhythmic music genre, Cumbia.
  4. Features the colorful flower parade, Feria de las Flores.
  5. Hosts unique whale watching at Pacific Coast.
  6. Origin of the internationally famous dance, Salsa.
  7. World’s largest producer of mild washed Arabica coffee.
  8. Has a city, Medellín, known as the “City of Eternal Spring.”
  1. Colombian Spanish is considered one of the clearest.
  2. Home to the tallest palm trees in the world.
  3. Offers pink sea at El Salar de Galerazamba.
  4. Features a mud volcano, El Totumo, for spa experiences.
  5. Houses the second most important gold museum in Latin America.
  6. You can find a river, Caño Cristales, with five colors.
  7. Boasts a desert, La Guajira, right next to the ocean.

Table of Contents

1. Colombia is the only South American country with coastlines on both the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans.

Colombia is uniquely positioned in South America with coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. This geographic advantage offers diverse marine ecosystems and beautiful beaches.

It’s a key factor in Colombia’s biodiversity and maritime trade routes.

2. Colombia is the world’s leading source of emeralds.

Colombia is renowned globally for producing the highest quality emeralds. The mines in Colombia yield more than half of the world’s emerald supply.

The country’s emeralds are prized for their purity and vibrant green color.

3. The name ‘Colombia’ is derived from Christopher Columbus.

The country was named after Christopher Columbus, the explorer who led the expedition that led to the discovery of the Americas. Colombia was the first constitutional name given to the territory of the Viceroyalty of New Granada.

This naming is a tribute to Columbus’s impact on the continent’s history.

4. Colombia is the second most biodiverse country in the world.

Colombia boasts an incredible range of biodiversity, ranking second globally. It hosts a wide variety of ecosystems, from Amazon rainforests to Andean mountains.

This diversity includes numerous species of flora and fauna, many of which are endemic.

5. Colombia is one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries.

Colombia is part of a select group of countries known as a megadiverse. These countries have the majority of Earth’s species and are considered extremely biodiverse.

Colombia is home to a significant portion of the world’s biodiversity, including numerous endemic species.

6. The famous legend of El Dorado originated in Colombia.

The legend of El Dorado, a city of gold, originated from the Muisca tribe’s ritual in Colombia. This ritual involved a chieftain covered in gold dust, who would dive into Lake Guatavita.

The story fascinated explorers and treasure hunters for centuries.

7. The country has the third-highest number of Spanish speakers globally.

Colombia has a large Spanish-speaking population, trailing only behind Mexico and the United States. Spanish is the official language and is spoken by the majority of Colombians.

This makes Colombia a significant part of the Spanish-speaking world.

8. Colombian coffee is known worldwide for its high quality and distinct flavor.

coffee beans on table
☕ Colombian coffee: Globally renowned for high quality and distinct flavor! 🇨🇴🌍

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Colombia is one of the largest coffee producers globally, known for its high-quality Arabica beans. The unique climate and geography contribute to the coffee’s rich flavor.

Colombian coffee is a major export and a source of national pride.

9. Cartagena’s historic walled city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The historic center of Cartagena, known for its colonial architecture and fortifications, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city’s walls, built to protect it from pirates, are remarkably well-preserved.

Cartagena is a testament to Spanish colonial history and architecture.

10. The country hosts the world’s largest theater festival, the Ibero-American Theater Festival.

The Ibero-American Theater Festival, held in Bogotá, is the largest globally. This event, occurring every two years, showcases hundreds of performances from around the world.

It’s a major cultural event that attracts thousands of performers and spectators.

11. Colombia is the birthplace of the famous literary Nobel laureate Gabriel García Márquez.

Gabriel García Márquez, one of the most significant authors of the 20th century, was born in Colombia. His works, including ‘One Hundred Years of Solitude,’ have had a profound impact on literature.

Márquez’s magical realism style is deeply rooted in Colombian culture and history.

12. The country’s national flower is the orchid Cattleya trianae.

Cattleya trianae : Fun Facts about Colombia
🌸 National pride: Colombia’s orchid Cattleya trianae as the emblem! 🇨🇴🌺

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The Cattleya trianae, an orchid native to Colombia, is the country’s national flower. It’s known for its striking beauty and is a symbol of Colombian biodiversity.

Colombia has one of the largest varieties of orchids in the world.

13. Colombia’s capital, Bogotá, is one of the highest capital cities in the world.

Bogotá sits at an altitude of 2,640 meters above sea level, making it one of the world’s highest capitals. The city combines modern architecture with colonial buildings, reflecting its rich history.

It’s a cultural center with numerous museums, festivals, and universities.

14. Colombia is home to over 60 national parks, which is one of interesting fun facts about Colombia.

Colombia’s commitment to preserving its natural heritage is evident in its over 60 national parks. These parks protect diverse ecosystems, from Amazon rainforests to Andean peaks.

They are vital for conservation efforts and are popular with eco-tourists.

15. The country has the highest number of bird species in the world.

Colombia is a paradise for bird watchers, boasting the highest number of bird species globally. It’s home to more than 1,900 bird species, accounting for about 20% of the world’s total.

This avian diversity reflects Colombia’s varied habitats and ecosystems.

16. Shakira, a global pop superstar, hails from Colombia.

🎤 Shakira: Colombian pop sensation, global superstar!

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Shakira, known worldwide for her music and philanthropy, was born and raised in Barranquilla, Colombia. She has brought Colombian music to the international stage.

Her career has been influential in promoting Colombian culture globally.

Salsa dancing is not just a popular activity but an integral part of Colombian culture. Cities like Cali are known as the world capitals of salsa, hosting major festivals and competitions.

This dance form reflects the vibrancy and rhythm of Colombian life.

18. Colombia’s Constitution is one of the oldest in the Americas.

The Colombian Constitution, adopted in 1886, is among the oldest in the Western Hemisphere. It has undergone several amendments to address modern-day issues.

This constitution laid the foundation for the country’s democratic governance and civil rights.

19. What is the weather like in Colombia?

Colombia’s weather varies based on regions and altitudes.

Generally, it features a tropical climate with some areas experiencing cooler temperatures due to elevation.

20. The Cano Cristales River is known as the ‘river of five colors.’

a group of people standing on the side of a river
🌈 Cano Cristales River: The ‘river of five colors’ in Colombia!🌊

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Cano Cristales, located in the Serrania de la Macarena National Park, is famous for its vibrant colors. The riverbed changes colors due to a unique plant species that flourishes in its waters.

During certain times of the year, it displays a breathtaking array of colors.

21. The national sport of Colombia is Tejo, a traditional throwing sport.

Tejo, an indigenous Colombian sport, involves throwing metal discs at targets containing gunpowder. It’s a unique game that combines skill and tradition and is considered the national sport of Colombia.

Tejo reflects the country’s indigenous heritage and love for sports.

22. The Lost City, or Ciudad Perdida, is an ancient archaeological wonder in Colombia.

Ciudad Perdida, or the Lost City, was built by the Tayrona people around 800 AD.

It’s an ancient city located in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and was rediscovered in the 1970s. This archaeological site predates Machu Picchu and is a significant historical treasure.

23. The Feria de Cali is one of the largest salsa music festivals in the world.

The Feria de Cali, held annually in Cali, Colombia, is one of the largest salsa music festivals globally. This festival, occurring every December, features concerts, dance shows, and cultural events.

It draws salsa enthusiasts from around the world and celebrates Colombian music and dance.

24. Colombia is one of the world’s top producers of flowers, especially roses.

blooming red roses

💐 Colombia: Among the top global flower producers, renowned for roses! 🌹

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Colombia’s flower industry is renowned, making it one of the leading exporters of flowers in the world. The country is particularly famous for its roses, which are exported globally.

This industry plays a significant role in the nation’s economy.

25. Colombia has one of the highest rates of biodiversity per square kilometer in the world.

Colombia’s diverse landscapes and climates contribute to its high biodiversity rate. The country has one of the highest numbers of species per square kilometer in the world.

This includes a vast array of plants, animals, and ecosystems, making Colombia a biodiversity hotspot.


The capital of Colombia is Bogotá.

Yes, Colombia is a country located in South America.

Colombia is a single country and does not contain other countries within its borders. It is a sovereign nation with diverse regions and cultures.

Colombia operates on the Colombia Time Zone (COT), which is 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-5).

The official language of Colombia is Spanish.

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